How To Use A Smoker Box On A Pellet Grill

Pellet grills are a popular cooking appliance that uses wood pellets to generate extra heat and smoke. They are great for slow-cooking, smoking, and baking food easily and efficiently.

In this article, we will explain how to use a smoker box on a pellet grill, and go over some simple tips on choosing the wood chips, and maintenance of the smokebox.

Smoking with a pellet grill allows you to enjoy delicious, slow-cooked meals while controlling the amount of smoke flavor that is produced.

What is a smoker Box?

The smoker box is an accessory specifically designed for grills and functions by burning wood chips, pellets, or other materials within a grill to add more smokiness to whatever is being cooked.

A smoker box can be used in almost any type of grill that has a lid, no matter how many burners. Two burner grills, three burner grills, and so on.

Can you use a smoker box in a smoker?

It is possible to use a smoker box in a smoker, but we don’t recommend using it in smokers because the whole point of the smoker is to add the smoked flavor. Using one of these smoker boxes in a smoker would be redundant.

Different Types Of Smoker Boxes

  1. Cast iron: This type of smoker box is sturdy and durable, and can withstand high temperatures. These are in our opinion, the best and longest-lasting options.
  2. Stainless steel: These are lightweight and rust-resistant, making them a popular choice for outdoor cooking.
  3. Aluminum: This type of smoker box is lightweight and also rust-resistant. However, it is not as durable as cast iron or stainless steel.
  4. V-shaped: This type of smoker box is designed to fit between the flame deflector bars of a pellet grill, making it the best space-saving option.
  5. Disposable: Made of aluminum and is designed for single use. They are convenient for people who do not want to clean a smoker box after every use. For those who grill very option, this is an expensive option as you will need to keep changing it out.
  6. Pellet smoker box: Specifically for use with pellet grills, and are often made of stainless steel. This is the option you would want to use in a pellet grill.

How to use a smoker box on a pellet grill

Step 1: Prepare the Pellet Grill

Before using a smoker box on a pellet grill, it is important to prepare the grill beforehand. Start by cleaning the cooking surfaces and making sure they are free from debris or grease. It is also important to check that the pellet hopper is full and that the pellets are fresh.

Step 2: Place the Smoker Box

Once the pellet grill is prepared, the next step is to place the smoker box onto the cooking surface or suspend it above. It is important to ensure enough space around the box to allow air to flow freely and evenly.

Step 3: Fill the Smoker Box

The next step is to fill the smoker box with wood chips, pellets, or other materials. Depending on the type of smoker box used, different materials may be suitable. Make sure to check the manufacturer’s instructions for how much material to use.

Step 4: Adjust the Temperature

Once the smoker box is filled, the next step is to adjust the temperature. Begin by turning the pellet grill on, and setting it to a low temperature.

If the temperature is too high, it can cause the wood chips to burn.

Step 5: Monitor

The last step is to monitor the smoker box throughout the cooking process. Keep an eye on how much smoke is being produced and adjust the temperature as needed to maintain a steady smoldering.

Choosing the right wood chips for the smoker box

When it comes to using wood chips on a pellet grill, the best types can vary depending on personal preference and the food being cooked. Here are some of the most popular options:

  • Hickory: This wood chip is a great choice for smoking meat due to its strong, smoky flavor that complements beef, pork, and poultry.
  • Mesquite: Another popular option, mesquite has a bold flavor that pairs well with beef but may be too powerful for some people’s taste.
  • Apple: Applewood chips offer a slightly sweet and fruity flavor that works well with poultry, pork, and seafood. It has a very mild smoky taste.
  • Cherry: Cherry wood chips, similar to apple, provides a sweet and mild taste that pairs nicely with pork, poultry, and seafood.
  • Maple: Maple wood chips offer a subtle sweetness that pairs with pork, poultry, and vegetables.
  • Pecan: Pecan wood chips provide a sweet and nutty flavor that complements poultry, beef, and pork.

Keep in mind that you can adjust the intensity of the smoke by altering the number of wood chips used or how long they’re smoked. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different types of wood chips until you find your favorite smokey flavor!


Maintaining a pellet smoker box is crucial to ensuring its longevity and optimal performance. Maintenance will prevent any funky flavors in your food as well. Regular cleaning and maintenance can prevent the buildup of ash, soot, and sawdust that can clog the hopper and auger, leading to malfunctions or even damage to the box.

It’s important to use a brush or scraper to remove any residue from the smokestack, wipe out remaining soot and ash with a rag or paper towel, and use a wet/dry vac to remove leftover sawdust from the hopper housing and auger box.

Final Thoughts

Using a smoker box on your pellet grill is an easy way to add delicious smoky flavor to any food, without burning it.

Whether you’re using wood chips, pellets, or other materials, experimenting with different types of smoke will help you find the perfect wood material for whatever kind of food you’re grilling!

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